As part of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the US Food and Drug Administration has issued several rules to further clarify the requirements of the regulations. The Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food Rule is intended to protect foods from contamination during transport, from farm to table. It enhances the safeguards contained in the Sanitary Food Transportation Act (SFTA).
The rule requires shippers, loaders, carriers and receivers transporting food by motor or rail to use sanitary practices. Transportation by ship or air is not covered due to legal limitations. It covers both local and interstate commerce.
It applies to companies shipping food to the US by motor or rail. As well, it covers containers that arrive by ship or air that are then transported by motor or rail within the US, if the food will be consumed or distributed within the United States.
It does not apply to food being shipped through the US where the food does not enter American distribution (for example foods moving from Canada to Mexico).